Big brains, baldness and a hybrid

icon-mk-brain
A while back, I read a very interesting scientific paper published in the prestigious science journal Cell. The authors of the paper studied the differences in the DNA between humans, primates and rodents, all mammals but species with significantly different behaviour. The authors found that the genetic changes needed for humans to have their bigger brains, and for those brains to work, include an extensive and specialised set of genetic alterations. What's more, humans have gained all those required genetic changes in a very short time, genetically speaking.

What especially caught my eye in this paper was how often the word 'remarkable' was used. Scientific papers are almost always dry, sober reports, their authors do not want to sound emotional and flighty, and so it is illuminating that the authors saying remarkable in two particular paragraphs. Here they are:

“It has long been noted that brains of various extant and extinct primates display remarkable variation in size, organization, and behavioral output (Noback and Montagna, 1970; Armstrong and Falk, 1982; Byrne and Whiten, 1988; Matsuzawa, 2001). This is particularly true for the evolutionary lineage leading from ancestral primates to humans, in which the increase in brain size and complexity was remarkably rapid and persistent throughout the lineage (Jerison, 1973; Walker et al., 1983).” Page 1.

“It is remarkable that 17 out of the 24 primate-fast outliers [rare or exceptional genetic changes] are linked to the regulation of either brain size or behavior.”

The third ‘remarkable’ is of special significance, for it touches upon a very strange story.

darwin-ape-240px
According to the official line, based on Darwin's Theory of Evolution, homo sapiens (us) naturally evolved from Homo Erectus in about one million years. They in turn evolved from Homo Erectus in about one million years. Homo Erectus had a brain capacity of 850 cm³ and Homo Habilis had a brain capacity of 600 cm³. Chimpanzees have a brain capacity of up to 500 cm³. Humans, the last in line of these species, have a brain capacity of roughly 1400 cm³.

This sounds, at first glance, to be a reasonable progress of development. Bigger brains enable tool use, group coordination, planning etc. The only problem is that the odds of gaining the required genetic changes to have these big brains through natural selection, in the time described, are vanishingly small.
Read More...

Electromagnetic resonance of the Great Pyramid

icon-mk-osiris
Last month, a scientific paper was published in the Journal of Applied Physics that showed that the Great Pyramid concentrates and resonates electromagnetic radiation, in particular radio waves in the 250m-wavelength range. The authors, Mikhail Balezin, Kseniia V. Baryshnikova, Polina Kapitanova, and Andrey B. Evlyukhin explain in their paper that by modelling the Great Pyramid, in an albeit simplified form, they found that it naturally can 'collect and concentrate electromagnetic energy'. The image below shows the results of the modelling and how the e-m radiation intensifies within and beneath the pyramid.


em-resonance-great-pyramid

Read More...

Gobekli Tepe, the Fox and the End of Days

icon-mk-blazing-star
Gobekli Tepe is a strange, ancient, enigmatic temple in Turkey. According to the evidence, it was constructed in 8,000 BC or thereabouts, long before Sumer even officially began as a civilisation. The site consists of a series of sunken, circular chambers or pits, containing upright stone blocks, most placed around the edge of the pit but a few placed in the centre of the pit. The structure of Gobekli Tepe indicates that it was an astronomical observatory, similar to Stonehenge.

pillar-43-vulture-300px
Recently, Dr Martin Sweatman published a scientific paper that puts forward the idea that one of the stones at Gobekli Tepe, popularly referred to as the Vulture Stone, does in fact mark a date in our calendar. The stone contains several animals, seemingly positioned carefully around a globe. Drawing upon theories developed by Andrew Collins, Sweatman confirms that if the central globe in the Vulture Stone carving is assumed to be the sun and the animals around it represent certain constellations, then the Vulture Stone relief is marking a particular date in history. This is possible to do because the stars in our sky change their positions over millennia, due to celestial precession, performing a great circle in the sky every 25,800 years. Once we know that, we pinpoint the date that such an alignment would occur.

The date that Sweatman (and Collins) think the Vulture Stone is marking is 10,900 BC. This is a very important date because it is the date of the Younger Dryas Impact Event, when a cloud of meteorites is said to have hit the Earth, causing massive wildfires and a sudden cooling of our planet, which extended our ice-age another thousand years-or-so, before its final, catastrophic ending in 9,650 BC.

I recently wrote an article explaining how the Great Sphinx could also be a physical marker of the Younger Dryas Impact Event. The Great Sphinx was probably a Great Lion originally, and its positioning, in relation to celestial alignment, indicates that it was built to mark the date 10,900 BC, the dawning of the Age of Leo. It therefore seems that at least one ancient civilisation wanted to tell us how important 10,900 BC was in the history of our species and that of Earth. If the Younger Dryas Impact theory is correct, this is understandable, as that ancient date was when a global, cataclysmic event occurred. Read More...

The Great Sphinx and the Younger Dryas

icon-mk-osiris
The Great Sphinx, located on the Giza Plateau in Egypt, is a wondrous and enigmatic sculpture. Officially, it was constructed for the pharaoh Khafre in around 2500 BC, at the same time as the middle of the Giza pyramids, but there is very little evidence to support this theory. An alternative theory, developed by Dr Robert Schoch, is that the Great Sphinx was built much further back in time. He bases this theory on the way the stone around the Sphinx’s enclosure has been weathered. According to his analysis and those of consultants, the weathering of the stone has clearly been done by a lot of water falling on the stone, or lapping up against it, or both. If this is correct, then the Sphinx must have been constructed at least eight-thousand years ago, when Egypt was a wet and temperate area, before Earth’s changing climate turned it to desert.

Here is a very-well-produced documentary by the Gaia YouTube channel, describing Schoch’s theory:



After explaining Schoch’s theory, the programme-makers then put forward the idea that the Great Sphinx was originally a lion, and that the human was created later, carved out of the existing animal’s head. This seems a very reasonable idea; the current human head is clearly out of proportion to the rest of the sculpture and looks to have been a later modification.

Great_Sphinx_of_Giza_May_2015


The programme makers then point out that the sculpture is aligned to point directly at the constellation of Leo at the Spring Equinox in the zodiacal Age of Leo, around twelve-and-a-half thousand years ago. Unfortunately, the programme does then drift into some speculation, with talk of portals and channelled messages from aliens etc. All of this is possible but there is no solid evidence to back it up, and so it is of no use when creating a scientific theory.

Fortunately, other scientific evidence from our past, when combined with Schoch’s theory, can create a new theory of the Sphinx’s purpose. As with the other theories on my website, such as the Great Pyramid and 2787 BC, the Sirius Red Controversy, the Greek Myths and the Ark of the Covenant, I’m going to combine solid scientific evidence and logic to create a possible solution to the mystery of the Sphinx. Here goes…

Read More...

Yugas, giants and a one-legged cow

icon-mk-burning-earth
Several of the most ancient cultures on our planet, in particular as Hinduism, explain that Earth and the human races go through a grand cycle. The Hindus call this cycle the Yugas. They believe that our world goes through a cycle of four Yugas, or ages, and during these ages, mankind diminishes. We start out as gentle, spiritual giants but as time passes, we shrink in size, then become divided and hostile to each other. Our life-spans diminish and our morality degrades. Finally, at the end of the fourth Yuga, known as the Kali Yuga (after the god Kali, a god of violence and war) catastrophe falls upon everyone on Earth. This catastrophe both destroys everything but also wipes the slate clean and allows for a new cycle to begin.

kali-2
Hinduism often symbolically represents this decay as the suffering of Dharma, a goddess portrayed as an Indian cow. In Satya Yuga, the first stage of development, the cow has four legs, but in each age, as morality is reduced by one quarter, she loses a leg. By the age of Kali, morality is reduced to only a quarter of that of the golden age, so the bull of Dharma has only one leg.

I’ve encountered the Hindu belief in the Yugas before but I didn’t study it because of several views I had at that time:

1) In the West, we’re always told that our history is one of development from nothing and that it will simply go on forever in a positive direction. This is drilled into us in our school lessons, in media articles predicting the future, in our politicians and scientists’ speeches, in our science-fiction, etc. It’s a tempting and plausible viewpoint.

2) I could see no indication that there was anything on Earth or in the cosmos that would drive the cycle of destruction and rebirth described in the Yugas. Our human race will certainly go through cycles of self-inflicted boom and bust but these, I thought, most likely won’t be total destruction and they won’t follow a regular pattern. Natural disasters that devastate us also won’t follow a regular pattern but be random events. History tells us that this happened in our past, so our future should unroll in the same way.

3) The time spans described in the Yugas are huge. To quote Wikipedia, ‘Most interpreters of vedic scriptures, as Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Goswami and his recent disciple Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada believe that Earth is currently in Kali Yuga and lasts 432,000 years.’ Nearly half a million years is a very long time, too long to feel that its changes are imminent or recent.

4) I could see no reason to believe that, from the ashes of a massive destruction, a new race of humans would emerge that were physically, mentally and spiritually superior to the humans living before that destruction. It would seem more likely that the survivors would be worse, not better.

The above four points, put together, seem to make a convincing case that the Yugas, a cycle of destruction and rebirth, of a slow disintegration of qualities in humanity that is only halted by a massive, global catastrophe, is a ludicrous idea.

But my more recent research has made me think again. The reason for this can be explained in the following steps: Read More...

Solving the Grass-Civilisation riddle

icon-mk-blazing-star
One of the benefits of being in a technological world is that we all get a chance to work out where we’ve come from and how that’s come about. In the past, we simply didn’t have the technological understanding to be able to understand key aspects of our past and origins. Now, we do. Unfortunately, as Francis Bacon pointed out four-hundred years ago, knowledge is power and so we can’t rely on those in power to tell us important facts, as they will naturally keep all important information to themselves. Instead, we have to work it our ourselves from first principles.

320px-Ancient_ziggurat_at_Ali_Air_Base_Iraq_2005

One important fact that we can work out, scientifically, is how civilisation itself came into being on our planet. The official story is that hunter-gatherers in the delta areas of our planet switched from their existing way of life to a life of farming. In other words, they stopped moving around nomadically, gathering seasonal fruits, berries, nuts, eggs, tubers and hunting game. Instead ploughed the land and planted grass crops, such as rice, wheat, barley and oats. According to the official theory, this enabled them to free themselves from barbarity and the uncertainty of nomadic life, while also giving them the chance to settle, store and distribute food and thereby develop all the other aspects of civilisation; writing, pottery, religions, armies etc.

But, to put it bluntly, this official theory is stupid. No set of hunter-gatherers would ever switch from moving around nomadically, gathering the planet’s natural harvests and thereby eating a varied and rich diet, and switch to back-breaking toil to produce a mono-crop of low nutritional value. Grasses are not good food and the work required to plant, grow and harvest them is tortuous in a pre-fossil-fuel society.

Read More...

The Garden of Eden unmasked

icon-mk-blazing-star
The Garden of Eden story in Genesis is a very famous tale. In brief, God puts the first two humans, Adam and Even, in a paradise garden, where there is a tree they’ve been told not to eat from:

“The Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it. And the Lord God commanded the man, “You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from it you will certainly die.” - Genesis 2:15


Dore-Driven-out-of-Eden-320px
The Serpent encourages Eve to eat the forbidden fruit of that tree, even though she’s initially reluctant. She points out to the Serpent that it’ll kill her. The serpent replies:

“You will not certainly die,” the serpent said to the woman. “For God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” - Genesis 3:4


Eve eats the fruit and likes what she’s eaten. She persuades Adam to eat from it. The fruit awakens them to the knowledge that they are naked. God is angry at the Serpent and Adam and Even and banishes them from the Garden.

Many, many of us read this story as children, but some of us must have thought it a bit odd. Questions that leapt into my mind were: ‘what sort of crazy god is that? What kind of a God would put two people in a garden and say ‘eat whatever you like but don’t eat from that tree ‘cos it’ll kill you,’ when, in fact, all it did was make one embarrassed about nudity? What’s more, why on earth would a supposedly compassionate god banish two people because they ate a fruit that made them not want to be starkers? To be honest, the Biblical Garden of Eden story is plain weird. It feels like a messed-up, third-hand story that suffers from a serious bout of Chinese Whispers.

It’s therefore very interesting that there exists an ancient text that gives a different and much more logically consistent version of the Garden of Eden story. The text is known as the Secret Testament of John or the Apocryphon of John. It is an ancient text, probably from the century after Christ's death. It is at least as old as the gospels of the New Testament, most of which were written at least a century after Christ's death, but unlike them, it was not chosen by Bishop Iraneus to form the New Testament. Instead, the early Roman Catholic Church tried to destroy it. Fortunately, a few copies survived.

Here’s the Apocryphon of John’s version of the Garden of Eden story: Read More...

Revelations, Noah and the Great Flood

icon-mk-greek-star
Just a quick note to say that I've added a new article to the anomalies section, entitled 'Revelations and Noah'. The article puts forward the idea that the Book of Revelations in the Bible is not an apocalyptic tale about our future, described by God. Instead, it is an apocalyptic tale about our ancient past, described by Noah. I originally described this idea in my first self-published book, 'The Golden Web: Part 1' but I though it would be good to put it on this website for anyone to read.

The trigger for this update was a very interesting video on YouTube. The video explains new evidence that the Younger Dryas Impact Event, when our planet was hit by at least one size-able meteorite in 10,500 BC, really did occur. The theory has been controversial for years and attempts have been made to destroy it completely as a theory but fortunately, people are still working on it. Here's the video:


Mysterious excavated passage in the Great Pyramid antechamber

icon-mk-osiris
While browsing Youtube, I found this very interesting video about the Great Pyramid, created by 'Ancient Architects'. Ancient Architects is creating a lot of videos about ancient mysteries and their videos are invariably accessible, interesting and enjoyable. This video includes a short explanation of the theory of Jean Pierre Houdin, who believes that there is a secret access door to the King's Chamber, leading to hidden chambers, who's location may have been recently detected by muon scattering.

The special reason I'm mentioning this particular video in my blog is that it reports that there is now an excavated passage in the Great Pyramid's antechamber. I had no idea that this access passage existed. The video's author reports that the passage was recently excavated, then sealed off from the public by a locked, iron-grille door. Read More...

Robert Sepehr documentaries on Youtube

icon-mk-blazing-star
For the last year or so, Robert Sepehr has been posting interesting documentaries on Youtube. They cover a range of subjects, from anthropology to modern history. As many of their topics overlap with articles I've posted on this website, I thought it would be good to list four videos he's made that I've found interesting and thought-provoking. Unlike much that is posted on youtube, Robert Sepehr's videos are usually balanced and intelligent and don't veer off into wild speculation. They're also relatively free of ads, which makes them easier to watch too! I don't agree with everything he posts but I do think he's doing a good job. Here's the videos he's made that I've enjoyed, along with a few personal comments:

Read More...

Keep them ill, keep them scared

icon-mk-greek-star
The United States of America, along with the United Kingdom and France, are very keen on Ancient Greek and Roman architecture. Their capitals are filled with columned temples, obelisks, triumphal arches and other visual motifs from those ancient, Mediterranean civilisations. These countries' also like to talk about how they've inherited a key process in collective decision-making, known as democracy.

parthenon
Democracy was developed by the Athenian city-state, and others, as a way to collectively decide what to do. Athenians would discuss openly their views on key subjects and then take a vote. This process is now used worldwide to decide national matters. This all sounds great but in truth, how much is modern, Western democracy really like Classical, Athenian democracy? Read More...

Hidden chamber in the Great Pyramid

icon-mk-osiris
This week, there's been an announcement that three independent teams have detected the existence of a hidden chamber inside the Great Pyramid at Giza using muon scattering. In other words, they've been analysing how muons, subatomic particles that pass through our Earth all the time, have been deflected as they've passed through the Great Pyramid. The chamber the team detected is almost as large as the Grand Gallery in the Great Pyramid and is located above it and to one side, close to the King's Chamber, as shown in the picture below. Note that the teams couldn't decided exactly where the chamber was, only its approximate location and orientation.

Screen Shot 2017-11-03 at 11.12.53

Articles about this announcement have appeared in most of the newspapers and the BBC. The project organisers have also produced a very good video describing their work:



The Guardian has an extensive article describing what the teams found. Unfortunately, in the article one of the team members is quoted as saying:

“What we are sure about is that this big void is there, that it is impressive, and was not expected by any kind of theory,” said Tayoubi.


In fact, the French researcher Jean-Pierre Houdin developed a solid and well-grounded theory, years ago, that predicted that there had to be hidden chambers inside the Great Pyramid.

Read More...

Chambers and tunnels under the Giza Plateau

icon-mk-osiris
While browsing through YouTube, I came upon this fascinating documentary in which Andrew Collins and colleagues explain their discovery of chambers and passages under the Giza plateau. As the documentary explains, Collins and his associates developed a belief that the Giza pyramids were laid out to match the Cygnus or 'Swan' constellation. They therefore concluded that the place matching the star Deneb, the main star of Cygnus, should be of great significance. They followed up on their idea, along with well-researched information they gathered together, and found an entrance leading to multiple underground chambers and passageways.



The progress of the researchers has a familiar ring. As has often been the case when enthusiasts have tried to discover the secrets of the Giza site, one person has almost always obstructed their efforts. Zahi Hawass, the head of Egyptian Antiquities in Cairo at that time, first stated categorically that there were no underground chambers at the Giza site, even though the researchers had found and photographed underground chambers. He then barred the entrance to the temple concerned. He followed that up by taking a film crew down those same passages but made no effort to explore further. This tactic of Hawass's, of rubbishing theories and then blocking access to the site so that no one can explore further, has occurred multiple times. For example, after Jean-Pierre Houdin developed a sound theory of an inner ramp within the Great Pyramid, he went to Giza and discovered a collapsed corner of the pyramid wall, high up, exactly where an inner ramp could have weakened the pyramid's outer shell. Houdin had a quick look and then rapidly found the site barred to any access. Since that time, no one has been allowed to explore that collapsed corner. Similar events may happen again. Hawass is currently not the head of Egyptian Antiquities, possibly having been sacked (again), but it is possible he may be reinstated, which has also happened before.

great-pyramid-waterc-460px
I haven't posted a lot of information about new development at Giza in the last few years. Some readers might find this strange, as I did a lot of research on Egypt and I developed an explanation for why and when the Great Pyramid at Giza was constructed. To put it succinctly, the Great Pyramid was built between 3000 BC and 2800 BC in order to take advantage of an extremely rare celestial event; the passage of a star almost directly over the celestial North Pole. This transit occurred in 2787 BC and the star concerned was Thuban, or Alpha Draconis, 'Thuban' is Arabic for the snake and although the star is not the brightest star in the Draconis (or Dragon) constellation, it was designated a long time ago as the constellation's most important star.

earth-30-degrees-pyramid
The discovery of this solution has been a very strange experience for me. After developing this answer to the mystery of the Great Pyramid's construction and writing about it, I did assume that the answer, based entirely on straightforward astronomy and the Great Pyramid's physical attributes, would be rapidly disseminated, accepted and repeated by others. The solution can't be dismissed as an interpretation as there is no interpretation involved. No translations or hypotheses are required; it's a simple case of geometry and astronomical observation. And yet, I've seen no indication that anyone has picked up this ball and run with it. What's more, my attempts to directly pass on the information to others - researchers, magazines - has met with stony silence; It's all very odd. Understandably, I think, such a complete void of encouragement and interest has sapped my enthusiasm and I've focussed my energies on other topics instead.

I'll keep plugging away whenever possible. In the meantime, do enjoy the above documentary.

The mysterious history of New Zealand

icon-mk-greek-star
While trawling through the enormous mixed-bag that is YouTube, I found this very interesting New Zealand documentary exploring the history of New Zealand. The documentary puts forward a convincing case that the Polynesians who settled in New Zealand around eight hundred years ago did not find it empty of human occupation. Instead, they found pale-skinned, ginger and blonde-haired peoples already living in NZ. What's more, the distinct culture of Maori New Zealand we see today, with its designs, totems and figures, was not brought to that land by the Polynesians but instead was a mix of their culture and one inherited from the inhabitants already living in New Zealand. The documentary goes on to report that genetic analysis, carbon dating and other tests on mummified bodies, bones and sacred sites in New Zealand make it clear that a race of people did arrive in New Zealand around 3,000 years ago. This group was originally from Persia and its members had already created communities in places as far apart as Easter Island, Peru and Western Ireland, with a distinct culture common to all those places.

Sadly, the documentary also reports that attempts in New Zealand to highlight this new evidence have been deliberately ignored and suppressed, to the point of authorities banning further excavation and classifying scientific discoveries. Yet again, it would seem that certain white males in power in the Western World are making very sure that a flawed version of our history is enforced. As Orwell once said; 'He who controls the present writes the past'.

Why psychopaths and secret clans rule us all

icon-mk-greek-star
2016 has been an interesting year, to say the least. As the year is coming to a close, I thought it would worth thinking about possibly the most important even of the year; the election of Donald Trump to become President of the United States. Many people in the Western World have been appalled at how far Donald Trump has risen, considering his alleged traits of poor attention span, callousness, continual lying, shallow misogyny, racism, homophobia, incendiary militarism, etc. It's interesting to note that such traits are linked, in psychology circles, with sociopaths and psychopaths.

trump-hazard-sm
The term ‘psychopath’ and ‘sociopath’ effectively mean the same thing; a person who has effectively no empathy or compassion for others. When many people think about psychopaths, they immediately think about serial killers. It is true that the two are closely linked. Psychopaths have such poor internal mental activity that they can only gain stimulus from intense external experiences. This need, combined with almost no compassion, gives rise to the serial killer behaviour, as the psychopath craves the intensity of a violent act and sees no reason not to carry it out. Read More...